Bhopal Gas Tragedy: Scary Night and Screaming Morning

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Bhopal Gas Tragedy :: 1984 has been a very bad year in India. There are two reasons behind this, for one reason all the countrymen are well aware, which is the Sikh riots. The second reason for this, only few people will know, that is the Bhopal gas tragedy. Today we will talk about the biggest accident in Bhopal city.

The heart of India is the state of Madhya Pradesh and its heart is the city of Bhopal, the capital of the state. This heart had suffered a huge wound, which has not been healed till date, that wound was such that it is very difficult to forget or heal the wound. In this article, we will learn about the Bhopal gas tragedy, when did the Bhopal gas tragedy happen? Its main accused, lawyers of Bhopal gas incident etc. will discuss in detail.

Bhopal Gas Tragedy Full Story | Bhopal Gas Tragedy


The year was 1984 and the month was December, the date was 2 and the clock was ringing about twelve. The people of Bhopal could not forget what happened on this day. Toxic gas emanating from a factory engulfed half of the people of Bhopal and piled up dead bodies.

There was no space left in any hospital and doctors are not even able to understand why the patients are suffering from burning in eyes, difficulty in breathing. By the morning of December 3, half the area was found littered with dead bodies ranging from animals to humans.

When did the Bhopal gas tragedy happen?

This incident has been very dangerous for all the people in our India. On this day, the toxic gas emanating from a factory which had engulfed more than half of Bhopal’s population and corpses were piled up in every city of Bhopal. There was no such hospital left in Bhopal where I am a patient and it became very difficult for the doctors to understand why the patients were suffering from burning eyes, difficulty in breathing.

The Bhopal gas tragedy happened in 1984 on the 2nd of December at around 12:00. If any company is established today because of Bhopal gas tragedy, first of all the gas and waste coming out of it is kept in mind, so that the general public does not face any special problems.

After the occurrence of this incident, a lot of power has been devoted to such works in our country and it is also followed with great vigor. Bhopal gas incident had become such a day for the people of Bhopal, which no one can forget.

By the morning of 3 December 1984, Bhopal was completely damaged, dead bodies ranging from animals to humans were found lying there. No one could survive there except only a few people and there was nothing left there. This gas had engulfed the entire population of Bhopal.

The people who got it covered, only those people are alive otherwise the rest have died and the people who have survived this incident have become completely disabled i.e. they are not able to do any work. .

What happened that night

Union Carbide Corporation opened a pesticide factory in India in 1969 under the name of Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL).

After 10 years, in 1979, a production plant was set up in Bhopal. Union Carbide Factory, now known as Dow Chemicals. Gas started leaking from his plant number C. On the night of December 2, 1984, about half a dozen workers who came to work in the night shift were going to start cleaning the pipeline near the underground tank. At the same time, the temperature of the tank suddenly reached 200 degrees, while the temperature of this tank should have remained between four to five degrees.

As a result, the pressure in the plant’s E610 number tank increased and gas leaked from it. Suddenly the situation became uncontrollable. This happened because the freezer plant used to store the tank was shut down to save electricity bills. As the temperature increased, the poisonous gas formed in the tank started reaching the pipeline connected to it.

The valve of the pipeline was not closed properly, so poisonous gas started leaking from it. Methyl isocyanide was mixed with water to cool the plant. There was a glitch in its combination that night. The poisonous gas spread in the surrounding areas along with the air and then it happened, which became the dark history of Bhopal city. Thousands of people lost their lives. Generations were ruined.

In November 1984, the plant was in very poor condition. There was a special tank above the plant. The name of the tank was E610, with MICs of 42 tonnes whereas from safety point of view the stock of MICs should not exceed 40 tonnes. No security arrangements were made for the tank and it did not meet the standards of safety.

The dreadful night of December 2-3, 1984. Water entered the tank E610 through a side pipe. Due to the ingress of water, there was a strong reaction inside the tank, which gradually got out of control. The pipeline was also responsible for making the situation dire, which had rusted.

Getting inside the rusted iron caused the temperature of the tank to rise to 200 °C, while the temperature should have remained between 4 and 5 °C. This increased the pressure inside the tank. This caused emergency pressure on the tank and 40 MT of MIC was leaked within 45-60 minutes.

A huge amount of poisonous gas from the tank spread over the entire area like a cloud. That cloud of gas contained oxides of nitrogen, carbon dioxide, monomethylamine, hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, and phosgene gas. The entire south-eastern area of ​​Bhopal came under the grip of toxic cloud.

On coming in contact with the gas, people living nearby started having problems like suffocation, burning in the eyes, vomiting, flatulence, difficulty in breathing. Men and children of short height were more impressed by this. People should have saved their lives by running away but even then a large amount of gas entered their body.

The next day thousands of people had died. People were mass buried and cremated. Within a few days, the carcasses of around 2,000 animals had to be immersed.

The trees in the surrounding area became barren. Hospitals and makeshift dispensaries were crowded with patients. About 17,000 people were admitted to hospitals at one time. According to government figures, 2,259 people died immediately. The Madhya Pradesh government had put the death toll due to the gas leak at 3,787.

In 2006, the government gave an affidavit in the court. It mentioned that a total of 5,58,125 people were injured due to the gas leak. Of them, 38,478 were partially disabled and 3,900 were cases in which people were permanently disabled.

The problem was not confined to the time of the accident but is still having an impact. Serious health problems are being seen in the babies born.

Factory operator Warren Anderson was made the main accused in the Bhopal gas tragedy. She died on 29 September 2014. Soon after the incident, he left India and fled to America. There was a demand to bring him to India and punish him, but the Indian government did not succeed in bringing Anderson from America.

What was the name of the Bhopal gas tragedy gas?

From 2 to 3 December 1984, there was a gas tragedy in Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, which is known all over the world by the name of Bhopal Gas Tragedy.

On this day, poisonous gas leaked from the time kept over the factory and it covered the entire cloud like a thick and dark cloud, due to which the entire population of Bhopal was killed and some were disabled.

After doing research, it was found that this gas was not any other gas but methyl isocyanate gas filled in the tank.


The Bhopal gas tragedy happened at a time when the entire people of that area were in the lap of sleep. Little did they know that this sleep would not be able to tell them the next morning.

This horrific accident that happened on the night of 2 December 1984 will not be able to save the sight of 3 December 1984. When the news of Bhopal gas tragedy hit the ears of Arjun Singh, the then Chief Minister of Congress party, he did whatever he could to save the heart of his state, but in the minds of the people living in the south eastern areas. A tease lasts forever. That was to get Warren Anderson, the owner of the Union Carbide factory, captured from America and punished in India.

In order to provide justice to the victims of this Bhopal gas tragedy, this case was handed over to the CBI and advocate Karuna Nandi fought the case on his behalf and tried his best to get justice. Apart from this, the Madhya Pradesh government set up an inquiry commission for Bhopal toxic gas extraction, in which N. Of. Singh as a judge.

Some facts of Bhopal gas tragedy

  1. The accident occurred due to gas leak at the pesticide plant of Union Carbide India Limited.
  2. According to government data, 5 lakh 58 thousand 125 people were exposed to the leakage of methyl isocyanate gas and other toxic chemicals due to this negligence. About 25 thousand people died in this accident.
  3. After this tragedy, Union Carbide Chief Managing Officer Warren Anderson left India overnight and left for his country America.
  4. After the tragedy, many of the children who were born in Bhopal were born with disabilities and many came to this world with some other disease. This horrific cycle is still going on and children are being born here with many abnormalities.
  5. In the decision of the local court, which came on June 7, 2010, the accused were sentenced to two years each, but all the accused were also released on bail.
  6. Warren Anderson, the then head of Union Carbide India Limited and the main accused in this tragedy, has also died on 29 September 2014.
  7. The film ‘Bhopal A Prayer of Rain’ was produced on this accident in 2014.

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