Maharana Pratap ki Jivani: Through today’s article we are going to talk about such a brave Maharaja, whose name is immortal in the pages of history for valor and determination. Yes, through today’s article, we are going to provide you complete information about Mahavir Pratapi Raja Maharana Pratap Singh.
Maharana Pratap defeated the Mughal dynasty many times in battle and won. Here we will discuss about the Biography of Maharana Pratap and some war policy of Maharana Pratap.
Biography of Maharana Pratap | Maharana Pratap ki Jivani
Who was Maharana Pratap? (Maharana Pratap Kaun The)
Maharana Pratap was a skilled ruler of the Sisodia dynasty in Udaipur, Mewar. Maharana Pratap was so majestic and brave that the saga of his valor and his determination became immortal in the pages of history forever. Even Maharana Pratap fought with Emperor Akbar for many years and Maharana Pratap ji defeated the Mughal dynasty many times in battle.
Maharana Pratap ji was born in Kumbhalgarh in the state of Rajasthan in the house of Maharaja Udai Singh and Mata Rani Jaywanta Kavar. Maharana Pratap, on the strength of his valor and valor, had subjugated many states. But he did not rule over those states and made the kings there as his friends and handed over those states to the same kings who were the original kings there.
It is said that when Maharana Pratap took any kind of vow, he did not back down from his vow and used to fulfill his life even with his life. Maharana Pratap had a very intelligent horse, which was a true companion of Maharana Pratap.
This horse of Maharana Pratap will be specially discussed below. Maharana Pratap had many brave soldiers and these soldiers also put their lives at stake to save the life of Maharana Pratap, that is, they were the main soldiers of Maharaja Maharana Pratap.
Where and when was Maharana Pratap born?
Maharana Pratap was born on 9 May 1540 in Kumbhalgarh fort of Rajasthan state to Maharana Udai Singh and Queen Jaiwanta Kavar. Maharana Pratap was born in a Rajputana family. Maharana Pratap’s father had other wives besides Maharani Jayavanta, of whom Rani Dhirbai (Rani Bhatiani) was the beloved wife of Raja Udai Singh.
It was the wish of Rani Dhirbai that her son Jagmal should become the successor of Maharaja Udai Pratap Singh. Apart from Rana Pratap and Jagmal, Maharana Udai Pratap Singh also had two other sons Shakti Singh and Sagar Singh. Both of them also had a strong desire to take over the throne after Rana Udai Singh. But Praja and Rana Udai Singh ji considered Pratap as his successor. That is why these three brothers hated Maharana Pratap very much.
Height and Weight of Maharana Pratap
The height of Maharana Pratap was about 7 and a half feet and along with this Maharana Pratap was about 110 kg. The weight of Maharana Pratap’s protective shield was about 72 kg and the weight of his spear was 80 kg.
When Maharana Pratap’s sword, shield and armor etc. were combined, all of them weighed more than 200 kg, that is, Maharana Pratap used to go to fight with a weight of more than 200 kg. Valuable items like armor, sword etc. of Maharana Pratap are kept safely in the museum of Udaipur royal family even today.
Early Life of Maharana Pratap (Maharana Pratap ka Jivan Parichay)
Maharana Pratap was a very majestic and courageous king. He started showing might in his childhood. In childhood, everyone used to call the brave Maharana Pratap by the name of Kika. Brave Maharana Pratap was the supreme majestic, brave, courageous, self-respecting and freedom-loving since childhood.
When Mahavir Rana Pratap takes the throne, a very dangerous calamity came in front of him. But Maharana Pratap faced this calamity with great patience and courage and he also defeated this calamity. He was also trained to use shield and sword by Maharana Pratap’s father. Because his father wanted to make Maharana Pratap a skilled warrior.
Maharana Pratap showed his immense courage to the people at a very young age. Whenever Maharana Pratap used to go for a walk with the children in his childhood, he used to prepare a team in a matter of fact and with the children of his team, he used to practice the education of shield and sword.
Maharana Pratap became very proficient in this art only through the game of wielding sword and shield with his own troops and defeating Maharana Pratap in this art was not a matter for anyone.
Maharana Pratap was very conscientious about his vow and he decided to make his half-brother Jagmal the king according to his father’s last wish. But Rajpurohit, a confidant of Mewar, told about Jagmal that if Jagmal is given the throne of Mewar, then it can prove to be disastrous for the people of Mewar and with this Jagmal was obstructed to leave the throne.
Jagmal Raj was not inclined to give up the throne and when he was freed from the throne, he joined Akbar’s army in anger and told all the information of Mewar to Akbar. In return, Jagmal was given as a gift by Jalaluddin Akbar, the jagir of Jahazpur.
A very ideal opinion has been presented in relation to the valor of Maharana Pratap and this opinion is very unique, that is, such a description was not done for any other king. The circumstances under which Maharana Pratap has struggled prove to be impossible for any other king.
Even in such circumstances, he fought and never gave up. If we talk that Hindu Rajputs have got a respectable place in the history of India, then it is only through Maharana Pratap. That is, the credit for this happening goes to Maharana Pratap only and only.
War Policy of Maharana Pratap
Maharana Pratap took part in many wars and won those wars very successfully. In such a situation, do you know which war policies Maharana Pratap used in his wars. If not, please read the following points given below:
At the top of Maharana Pratap’s war policy is not to give up against any of his subordinates.
Maharana Pratap used to say that if you go to fight any war, then the most important thing in it is that you have faith in yourself.
Before taking part in any war, you should make some necessary vows regarding that war.
You will need skilled and skillful soldier and general to win any war.
Maharana Pratap, protector of motherland
At the time when Maharana Pratap became the king, at that time the state of Mewar was a very powerless state. By 1572, Jalaluddin Akbar had completely surrounded the Mewar state with the north east and west Mughal territories. Akbar wanted Maharana Pratap to become financially weak. Akbar wanted to annex the Mewar kingdom without having to wage a war by putting pressure on Maharana Pratap such as economic, military, political, etc.
As we told you that Rana Pratap’s half-brother Jagmal had become slave of Jalaluddin Akbar after getting the jagir of Akbar, now only Maharana Pratap was left with only the narrow mountainous region of Mewar state. The length of this mountainous region was about 30 kilometers and its width was almost the same.
Akbar had a very large amount of wealth, in comparison to this the state of Mewar was nothing. But still Maharana Pratap defeated Akbar with his valor and valor and he also protected his motherland.
Battle of Haldighati of Maharana Pratap
In the year 1576, in the month of April, Akbar sent a contingent of his Union army under the leadership of Man Singh, but Maharana Pratap had put up a complete barricade for the security of Haldighati. The army of Maharana Pratap Singh and the armed forces of the Mughal emperor Jalaluddin Akbar arrived in a very narrow mountainous land of color similar to Haldighati.
The army of Man Singh, the general of the Mughal dynasty, had about 80,000 soldiers, in contrast, Maharana Pratap had only about 20,000 soldiers. This fierce battle between the Mughal dynasty and Rana Pratap lasted for about 3 hours. Maharana Pratap’s favorite horse Chetak was killed in this war.
The army suffered heavy losses in the battle of Haldighati and along with it about 500 soldiers of Maharana Pratap’s army died. Along with the army of Maharana Pratap, Rajaram Shah of Gwalior and his 3 sons Jaimal Rathod, Ram Singh, Virbhala Singh, all four of them got martyrdom while fighting valiantly in this war.
Maharana Pratap could neither be taken prisoner nor killed in this war. Still Man Singh’s army was victorious. Despite the victory of Mansingh’s army, Rana Pratap was victorious even after defeat.
After this, in the year 1577 AD, Jalaluddin Akbar made a hard effort to take Maharana Pratap captive by sending a large contingent of his army. Many people betrayed Maharana Pratap, due to which the state of Mewar became more insecure.
After this, from the year 1578 to 1585, the Mughal soldiers kept looking for Maharana Pratap to accept his submission. He was in the hill with the Maharana Pratap family.
Akbar’s soldiers kept searching for Maharana Pratap with constant hard work. Maharana Pratap and his family wandered here and there after eating tuber roots for many years. Not only this, the sons of Maharana Pratap had to eat even loaves of grass.
Some interesting stories related to the life of Maharana Pratap
Maharana Pratap’s brother had become his opponent
Maharana Pratap also had a brother, whose name was Shakti Singh. Shakti Singh did not get along with Maharana Pratap, often there was tension between the two. To take revenge on Maharana Pratap, Shakti Singh joined Akbar’s army during the Battle of Haldighati and was fighting with Akbar’s army against Maharana Pratap.
But during the war, a feeling of fraternal love for Maharana Pratap awakens in his heart and then when he sees two armies of Mughal running after Maharana Pratap, he saves Maharana Pratap’s life by killing both the armies.
had to eat grass bread
Maharana Pratap, who had defeated the great warriors, who fought valiantly with the Mughals, saw the heart of the same Maharana Pratap after seeing the compassionate scene of his children. Perhaps nothing in life has made him as sad as that scene did.
In fact, when Maharana Pratap was defeated by Akbar and he lost his kingdom, he spent some days in a forest in the middle of the Aravalli range, where there was nothing to eat. Because of which his wife made bread of grass. He gave half a piece of bread to his children to eat and kept the rest of the bread for another day.
But then suddenly Maharana Pratap’s daughter’s screaming voice comes and it is learned that a cat has run away by snatching bread from their daughter’s hand. Distraught with hunger, his daughter started crying. Maharana Pratap was overwhelmed to see tears dripping from his daughter’s eyes. He felt pity for his daughter, he felt ashamed of his authority.
He started feeling sad that what is the use of such a state authority, due to which he had to see such pathetic scenes. This small compassionate incident of Maharana Pratap’s life has been expressed by the historian through poems.
Maharana Pratap’s Chetak horse used to run faster than the wind
In fact, there have been many great warriors in history, who martyred themselves while protecting the pride of their kingdom. Even today we remember those warriors with great pride. But even Chetak cannot be forgotten among those martyrs. Even though he was an animal, the kind of loyalty he showed to his master is perhaps difficult to find in humans too.
Chetak horse was the favorite horse of Maharana Pratap. This horse was very intelligent, which was quick to steam up the situation. It saved Maharana Pratap’s life in many circumstances. Even this horse helped Maharana Pratap a lot in the battle of Haldighati. When Maharana Pratap was injured and no one was there to help, it was only Chetak who saved Maharana Pratap’s life.
Maharana Pratap has left from there on a Chetak and two Mughal soldiers were also engaged behind him. Despite being injured, Chetak runs at high speed to save the life of the Maharaja, in front of which the speed of both those soldiers also slows down.
Even a mountain creek comes in the middle, which Chetak jumps and crosses it. But in the end he gets completely exhausted, due to which he cannot run and in the end gets martyred himself while saving Maharana’s life. But his name is immortalized in history. Even today, when there is a mention about Maharana Pratap, there is definitely talk of his favorite horse Chetak.
All the people of Bhil community were the protectors of Maharana Pratap.
As you know, Maharana Pratap was born in the Kumbhalgarh Fort situated on the hill of the Aravalli, the oldest range of mountains and there he was brought up by the Kachha caste of Bhils. He loved caste Maharana Pratap very much and Maharana Pratap also considered him dearer than life.
Akbar’s army surrounded the Kumbhalgarh fort from all sides. At that time the people of the same Bhil community faced their soldiers and prevented them from going to the fort for 3 months. But in the end, due to some reason the water source of the fort became dirty, due to which Maharana Pratap had to leave this fort, which was again captured by Akbar.
But Akbar also ruled this fort for some time, after that he also left this fort. Later, Maharana Pratap’s authority comes again on this fort.
Once upon a time, Akbar also had to praise Maharana.
Akbar’s confidant Sardar Abdul Rahim Khankhana wrote in his book that once Akbar also praised Maharana Pratap. In fact, when Maharana Pratap was wandering in the forest after losing to Akbar, Akbar sent a spy from his kingdom to spy on him.
The detective returned after spying on Maharana Pratap and told Akbar that Maharaj Maharana with his family is eating wild fruits, leaves and roots in the forest and they all seem happy, none of them are sad. Akbar was also very surprised to hear this and his heart sank and respect for Maharana Pratap was born in his heart.
At the same time, Akbar had praised Maharana Pratap, about whom Abdul Rahim Khanekhana, writing in his own language, told that his wealth, land, state everything is taken away from Maharana, he has to wander in the forests, suffering from hunger. But even then they do not bow their heads. He was perhaps the only one among the kings of India who maintained the pride of his caste.
Father did not give the throne to Maharana Pratap
Maharana Pratap’s father’s name was Udai Singh, who had many queens. Of all those queens, Dhirbai was most in love with Rani. This was the reason that after his death, Udai Singh decided to declare Jagmal Singh as the official of the state. However, Jagmal Singh was the eldest son of Udai Singh, due to which it was natural to make him the heir to the kingdom.
But as a rightful ruler, there was no quality in him. She was quite timid and the luxury of the daughter-in-law was one of the reasons why the people hated her so much. But at the same time, his younger brother Maharana Pratap was loved very much by all the people of the state and everyone wanted to make Maharana Pratap as his successor.
When Udai Singh announced to make Jagmal Singh his successor, the people of the state became very angry at his decision and started opposing him. Even when Jagmal Singh sat on the rule of the state, in his pride, he oppressed the people a lot.
To stop the atrocities, Maharana Pratap Singh went to Jagmal Singh and explained to him that you should not misuse the government like this. It is not right to dissatisfy the people by committing atrocities. If you keep doing this then you and your kingdom may be in danger.
On hearing this talk of Maharana Pratap, Janmal Singh started to understand it against his pride and he got angry and in anger ordered Maharana Pratap to leave the state. Pratap ordered to tighten the horse’s genes to leave the kingdom silently without saying anything. His horse Chetak was his favorite, with which he goes out of the state border.
last moments of maharana pratap
Maharana Pratap formed his new army in the year 1586 and after that he captured Udaipur, Mandalgarh, Kumbhalgarh etc. The saddest thing for Maharana Pratap was that he could not capture Chittor. Maharana Pratap fought to get Chittor kingdom.
In 1597, on January 19, at the age of 57, Pratap suffered an injury in his intestine while pulling the string of the bow in the Chavand capital, due to which he died. When Maharana Pratap had died, Akbar had tears in his eyes after hearing the news of his death.
When was Maharana Pratap born?
Maharana Pratap was born on 9 May 1540.
Where was Maharana Pratap born?
Maharana Pratap was born in the Kumbhalgarh fort of Rajasthan state to Maharana Udai Singh and Queen Jaiwanta Kanwar.
How many wives did Maharana Pratap have?
Maharana Pratap had 11 queens.
What was the name of the son of Maharana Pratap?
The name of the son of Maharana Pratap was Amar Singh.
How many sons did Maharana Pratap have?
Maharana Pratap had a total of 22 children, out of which 17 were sons and 5 daughters. In which Amar Singh, the son born of Maharana Pratap’s Ajabde, was made the successor.
How did Maharana Pratap’s wife Ajabde die?
Maharani Ajabde died of an injury in 1576 after the Battle of Haldighati.
Who was the first wife of Maharana Pratap?
The name of the first wife of Maharana Pratap was Ajabde Panwar.
Which was the capital of Maharana Pratap?
The last capital of Mewar ruled by Maharana Pratap was Chavand, which is a famous town in history. It falls in the Sarada tehsil, which is located at a distance of 60 km from Udaipur.
When did Maharana Pratap passed away?
In 1597, on January 19, at the age of 57, Pratap suffered an injury in his intestine while pulling the string of the bow in the Chavand capital, due to which he died.
How many kg was Maharana Pratap’s spear and where is he now?
The spear with which Maharana Pratap fought the battle of Haldighati, its weight was 110 kg and its length was 7 feet. Right now that spear is kept in the City Palace established in Udaipur city. Maharana Pratap’s armor and sword are also kept here.
Between whom was the battle of Haldighati fought?
The Battle of Haldighati was fought between Maharana Pratap of Mewar and the Mughal ruler Akbar on 18 June 1576. Raja Mansingh I was supporting Akbar’s armies. At the same time, people of Bhil tribe were supporting Maharana Pratap.