Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Biography :: Today we are going to talk in this article about such a great personality of India who himself wrote the story of his struggle, hard work and success and got his name included among the advance people of the world, his name is Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.
Being a Dalit, he had to face a lot of difficulties in his life. That is why Bharat Ratna awardee Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar devoted his whole life for the rights of Dalits, for the rights of women and in eradicating casteism spread in the society.
The contribution made by Ambedkar, the architect of the Indian Constitution, to Indian democracy will never be forgotten. Today, through this article, we will give detailed information about the biography of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.
Biography of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar | Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Biography
Who was Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar?
The messiah of Dalits, Indian polymath, jurist, economist, politician and social reformer Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the first law minister of independent India. Simultaneously, he was the author of the Indian Constitution.
Birth and early life of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in the military cantonment Mhow in Indore city of Madhya Pradesh. His father’s name was Ramji Maloji Sakpal, who was a Subedar in the Indian Army and his posting was in Indore. His mother’s name was Bhimabai.
Since childhood, he had received good values from his mother. Being the 14th and last child of his parents, Bhimrao used to be everyone’s favorite in the house.
Bhimrao’s father’s posting was in Indore. But after 3 years of the birth of Bhimrao, he retired and then the whole family settled in Satara, Maharashtra. A few years later his mother passed away. Later his father remarried and the whole family shifted to Mumbai.
Bhimrao belonged to a Marathi family and belonged to the Mahar caste, which is called an untouchable. Being an untouchable, he had to face many difficulties since childhood.
Educational Qualification of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
Bhimrao used to be a very promising student since childhood. But due to being a low caste, Bhimrao had to face a lot of struggle and degrading circumstances to get education, yet he never gave up.
Bhimrao’s early education started from Army School. He did his further studies in Bombay. He passed his matriculation examination in the year 1908 from Elphinstone High School, Bombay. He obtained his bachelor’s degree in economics and political science from Bombay University in the year 1912.
Due to passing his graduation with good marks, he started getting a scholarship of Rs 25 per month from the Gaekwad ruler of Baroda, Sahaji Rao I. He thought of pursuing further studies with this amount and went to America.
He earned a master’s degree in economics from Columbia University in 1915. After returning from America, he became Professor of Economics at Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics, Bombay.
But this was not his destination. Again he thought of pursuing further studies and went to England in the year 1920, where he was awarded the D.S.A. by the University of London. c received. He then obtained his PhD in economics in the year 1927. On June 8, 1927, Bhimrao was awarded a doctorate by Columbia University.
Birth of Dalit Movement
He had to face a lot of humiliating situations due to caste discrimination, due to which he decided to fight against caste discrimination. Upon returning to India after completing his studies, he saw that untouchability and caste discrimination were spreading the view completely. For the progress of the country, eradicating these diseases from the root had become very important.
Babasaheb formed an organization for the benefit of Dalits, which started working to get the right of reservation for Dalits and other religious boycotts. He founded the ‘Mooknayak’ social paper in the year 1920 with the help of Maharaja Shahaji II of Kalkapur, which created a stir in the social and political field. After this incident, people started knowing Baba.
To completely eliminate untouchability and caste discrimination, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar followed the path of Mahatma Gandhi and started the movement for the rights of Dalits at full speed. He was always in the fore in getting justice for the downtrodden and downtrodden.
Political Journey of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
Ambedkar formed the Swatantra Mazdoor Party in the year 1936. A year later, that is, in the year 1937, in the Central Assembly elections, his party won 15 seats. After that he changed his party into All India Schedule Cast Party. In 1946, he stood with this party in the elections to the Constituent Assembly but he had to face defeat.
He contested for the Lok Sabha seat twice and had to face defeat both times. He was later appointed to the Rajya Sabha.
He objected to Congress and Mahatma Gandhi naming untouchables as Harijans. He said that the members of the untouchable community are also equal to other members of the society.
making of indian constitution
On 29 August 1947, Bhimrao Ambedkar was appointed as the chairman of the drafting committee of the constitution. After hard work of about 2 years, 11 months and 7 days, he gave that constitution to India, in which all the citizens of India should get the rights of freedom of religion, equality, equality, fraternity.
acceptance of buddhism
Due to his untouchable caste, he had suffered a lot since childhood, due to which he was fed up with the injustice and inequality of the caste system and caste system of Hinduism. During a speech in the year 1935, he had said that ‘I was born in Hinduism, but I will not die while being a Hindu and with this he decided to leave Hinduism.
After this incident he did not accept any religion. But when he went to Sri Lanka to attend an intellectual conference in the year 1950. Bhimrao was greatly influenced by Buddhism and wrote a book about Buddhism.
After 20 years of leaving Hinduism, he thought of adopting Buddhism and in 1955 he founded the Indian Buddhist Mahasabha. Ambedkar organized a Maha Sabha on 14 October 1956 with his five lakh supporters and adopted Buddhism.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s married life
Dr. BR Ambedkar did two marriages during his lifetime. His first marriage was done at the age of just 15 years. His first wife’s name was Ramabai, who was only 9 years old at the time of marriage. Ambedkar did his second marriage at the age of 57 to Dr. Sharda Kabir due to his ailments.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s death
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar had become a victim of diabetes during his lifetime, due to which he had to face many physical ailments. He died on 6 December 1956 due to diabetes and India lost its precious gem.
He had adopted Buddhism only a year before his death, so his last action was also done according to the Buddha policy.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Jayanti
Babasaheb has played a very important role in the freedom struggle, in the making of the Indian Constitution, in eradicating the caste system and maladjustment in the society from the country. His contribution towards his nation cannot be forgotten enough.
That is why every year Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated on the special occasion of his birthday. Because the coming generations will remember his sacrifice with respect and honour.
Interesting facts about Babasaheb Ambedkar
Dr. The original name of Bhimrao Ambedkar was Bhimrao Ambedkar. But his teacher changed his name from Ambedkar to Ambedkar in the school records.
Baba Ambedkar, who was promising in studies, had knowledge of 9 languages and he had a total of 32 degrees.
He was the first Indian to go abroad to do P.H.D in Economics.
Ambedkar was the one who got the Ashoka Chakra installed in our national flag.
Ambedkar contested the Lok Sabha elections twice, but was defeated both times.
In 1990, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.
There were more than 50 thousand books in his personal library.