Complete History and Biography of Ashoka Pillar

Biography History

Today we are going to give you information about Ashoka Pillar here. Here we will share you complete information about Ashok Stambh. Like where is Ashoka Pillar located in India, what is the history of Ashoka Pillar and what is the importance of lions in Ashoka Pillar? To know this, read this post completely.

History of Ashoka Pillar and Biography of Emperor Ashoka | Ashok Stambh

Brief Introduction of Emperor Ashoka

Ashoka Stambh (ashok pillar) History: One of the mighty kings of the Indian subcontinent in ancient times, Emperor Ashoka was the third ruler of the Maurya dynasty. Emperor Ashoka ruled India in his life in 273 BC. to 232 BC ruled. Ashoka’s empire covered Mysore in the south, Bengal and Assam in the east, parts of Persia in the west, what is now Afghanistan, South Asia and beyond, and most of India.

Emperor Ashoka is described in Buddhist literature as a cruel and ruthless emperor. Then there was the war of Kalinga, then Ashoka became a Buddhist by adopting Buddhism and devoted his whole life to the propagation of Buddhism and devoted his whole life to Buddhism. Ashoka propagated Buddhism not only in India but in many places all over the world. Emperor Ashoka built stupas at many places all over India, all of which are very popular.

Of these, the pillar of Sarnath (Sarnath Pillar, Sarnath Ashoka Pillar) – has been adopted as the national emblem of India.

History of Ashoka Pillar

After adopting Buddhism, Emperor Ashoka promoted Buddhism a lot. Emperor Ashoka built many stupas and pillars in India. Emperor Ashoka spread Buddhism a lot and spread a lot in countries outside India as well. Emperor Ashoka sent his son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra to Sri Lanka to spread Buddhism.

Emperor Ashoka built about 84 thousand stupas in three years, he had also built pillars at many places in India. These pillars became very famous in India. Special sculpture art has been done in them which makes them very beautiful. The Sarnath Stambh was a memorial to the event of turning the wheel of Dharma. It was established to maintain the integrity of the Dharma Sangha.

Structure of Ashoka Pillar

Ashoka Stambh is in Sarnath, everything else is circular except inside the ground. As we move towards the top of the column, it becomes thinner. There is a thorax above the pendulum and the top of the thorax. Underneath the throat is the inverted lotus with the parties. This pillar is about 45 feet long which is made of sandstone of Chunar. These circular throats are divided into four parts by chakra. In which the figures of elephant, horse, bull and lion have emerged respectively.

On the top of the throat is the statue of four lions facing opposite to each other and all four of the four lions are looking in different four directions. That is, the backs of all four are connected to each other. Among the idols of these four lions, a dand was holding the Dharma Chakra of 32 spokes. This Dharmachakra was like a symbol of the 32 great personalities of Lord Buddha. This Sarnath Stambh is very amazing in appearance.

Significance of Lions in Ashoka Pillar

Sakyasimha and Narasimha come in the synonyms of Buddha. Buddha is considered a synonym of lion in Buddhism. That is why the Dharma Chakra Parivartan Sut preached by Buddha has been called the lion roar of Buddha. These roaring lions are visible like a change in the wheel of religion.

When Buddha attained enlightenment, his monks went in all four directions and ordered Bahujan Hitaya Sukhay for public welfare in Isipatan Mrigadava. Which is famous today as Sarnath. Therefore, Emperor Ashoka, the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya and the third emperor of the Maurya period, made lions roaring around the pillar. In today’s time, he is called Ashok Stambh.

Ashoka Pillar in India

Emperor Ashoka spread Buddhism a lot, along with this, stupas and pillars were built in many places in India. Today we are telling about some Ashok Stambhs.

Sarnath’s Ashoka Pillar (sarnath ka ashok stambh)

Emperor Ashoka in 250 BC A pillar was built at Sarnath. Which is called Ashok Stambh and the pillar of Sarnath is also called Sarnath Ashoka Pillar. The Sarnath Pillar has been adopted as the National Emblem of India and the Sarnath Ashoka Pillar is kept in the Sarnath Museum.

On the top of this pillar are statues of four lions sitting, whose backs are adjacent to each other. Three articles are written on this column. The first article is written in the Brahmi script only during the time of Emperor Ashoka and the second is from the Kushan period and the third is from the Gupta period.

Ashoka Pillar Allahabad

This Ashoka Stambh was built by Emperor Akbar in the 16th century. This Ashok Stambh is located outside the Allahabad Fort. Ashoka’s inscriptions written in the Brahmi script are visible on the exterior of this pillar. It is said that this pillar was demolished in 1800 AD but then in 1838 the British raised it back.

Ashoka Pillar of Vaishali

After the war of Kalinga, Emperor Ashoka adopted Buddhism and became a follower of Buddhism. Lord Buddha gave his last sermon in Vaishali. In his memory, Emperor Ashoka had this Ashoka pillar built in Vaishali. This Ashoka Pillar is situated in Vaishali of Bihar state.

This column is different from all the other pillars. On top of this is a flawed lion statue facing north. This north direction is considered to be the direction of the last journey of Lord Buddha. A talab and an Ashoka Stupa are built near this pillar. Which is called Ram Kund. It is considered a holy place of Buddhists.

Delhi’s Ashoka Pillar

The Ashoka Pillar of Delhi was built in the Feroz Shah Kotla of Delhi by the great emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC. This pillar is made of polished sandstone and is up to 13.1 meters tall. It is believed that this pillar was earlier in Meerut. But when Firoz Shah Tughlaq went to Meerut in 1364. Then he liked this pillar very much and he was fascinated by this pillar. After this he brought this Ashoka pillar from Meerut to Delhi and got it installed in front of the fort.

Ashoka Pillar of Sanchi

The structure of this pillar (Ashok Stambh) is very similar to that of Sarnath. On top of this pillar also there are sculptures of four lions, whose backs are adjacent to each other. This pillar is located in Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh. This pillar was built in the third century.

The structure of this pillar is strongly influenced by the Greco-Buddhist style. Despite this pillar being many centuries old, it still looks new today. It is still strong today as an ancient relic of the history of Sanchi.

Apart from all these pillars, Ashoka pillars are also located in Amravati, Champaran Bihar, Lauria Araraja, Rampurwa and Lauria Nandangarh, Lumbini Nepal, Nigali Sagar and Rummindei in India.

Significance of Ashoka Pillar

The Ashoka Pillar is considered the pride of India, because the Ashoka Pillar is said to be the national symbol of India. That is why Ashoka Pillar is used in all the government works done by the Government of India.

Ashoka Pillar is a very ancient building along with being the national symbol of India, for which it is kept very safe and Indian people also consider Ashoka Pillar as their pride.

Not only this, the Ashoka Pillar is engaged in the uniform of all three Indian military forces such as the Navy, Air Force and Army, by doing so it is proved that this soldier is an Indian.

Features of Ashoka Pillar

The Ashoka Pillar was built in a very old time and was founded by none other than a Maurya dynasty emperor, whose name is popularly known as the third emperor in the Maurya dynasty. The specialty of Ashoka Pillar is that the artifacts done in this pillar are very ancient and without any modern gadgets.

This pillar is so strong that it is very difficult to move its new one, you can all know from its structure. Along with this, Ashoka Pillar had already been declared as the national emblem of his state by Ashoka Emperor and later it was declared as the national emblem of the whole country.

Samrat Ashok History

Biography of Ashok (Samrat Ashok Ka Jeevan Parichay)

Samrat Ashok History: Emperor Ashoka was born in 304 BC at Pataliputra, Patna. His father was the second king of the Maurya dynasty and Emperor Ashoka’s father’s name was Bindusara and mother’s name was Rani Dharma. According to the tradition of Lanka, King Bindusara had 16 queens and 101 sons. Of which Emperor Ashoka was one.

The emperor belonged to the Ashoka dynasty family, so he was completely adept in warfare and he was also well versed in hunting and fencing.

It is believed that Emperor Ashoka had so much power that he could kill a lion with a single stroke of wood.

war of kalinga

Among all the emperors, Ashoka was the only one who defeated Kalinga in the war. Around 261 BC, Emperor Ashoka fought and conquered Kalinga to enlarge his kingdom even further.

Kalinga which is located in present day Odisha. This war was a very fierce battle. About one lakh people were killed in this war. About one and a half lakh people were injured in this war and the majority of those killed were soldiers. There was so much bloodshed in this war that Emperor Ashoka was completely shaken by it.

This war changed his whole life. There was so much devastation in this destructive war that the heart of Emperor Ashoka was deeply hurt. Emperor Ashoka had a change of heart on seeing small children dying, people breaking down their homes, seeing their families being separated.

Information about Emperor Ashoka

Ashok Chakra which is also called the wheel of religion. It is situated in the middle of the tricolor of India.
Emperor Ashoka fell in love with Kaurvaki and married her.
Once Emperor Ashoka was getting his wounds treated in Ujjain, he met Vidisha Mahadevi Sakya. Whom Ashok had married. After this marriage, Ashok had two children. They had a son and a daughter. The son’s name was Mahendra and the daughter’s name was Sanghamitra who went to Sri Lanka to propagate Buddhism.
It is also believed that the name of Emperor Ashoka is derived from the Ashoka tree.
Emperor Ashoka was considered as a fearless and courageous king.
The reign of Ashoka is believed to be from 273 to 232 BC.
Emperor Ashoka established more than 20 universities during his reign.
The reign of Ashoka is remembered as the Golden Age.
Emperor Ashoka had also killed many brothers for his throne.
He fought a war for 8 consecutive years to get the subcontinents of India. But they could not take control of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Sri Lanka in the Indian subcontinent.
Emperor Ashoka had many wives, but only Maharani Devi is considered his wife.
Ashoka was the emperor who ruled the most in the Maurya dynasty.
Emperor Ashoka never faced defeat in his lifetime.

Death of Emperor Ashoka

The death of Ashoka, the mighty ruler of the Maurya dynasty, is believed to be in 232 BC and it is believed that the Maurya dynasty lasted 50 years after his death. Must also watch this video related to Emperor Ashoka, in which you will get to know a lot.

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