Gwalior Fort History :: There is such a fort located in Madhya Pradesh, India, which is very famous in terms of tourist destination all over the world. Conditions in Madhya Pradesh The fort is very famous among other tourist places of Madhya Pradesh, so lakhs of crores of people come every year to see it. Situated in Madhya Pradesh, India, the fort is situated on Mount Gopal Chandra, located in Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh.
For this situated in Gwalior, which can be seen from outside the city of Madhya Pradesh, so this fort is a very big fort. This fort A very historical museum is present in this fort, so this museum is one of the famous museums not only in Madhya Pradesh but all over India.
Now you must have understood which fort we are talking about. Yes! You all guessed right, we are talking about the Gwalior Fort located in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. Located in Madhya Pradesh, this Gwalior Fort is famous all over the world due to its gigantic nature.
Today all of you will get to know in this important article written by us, when and who built Gwalior Fort, History of Gwalior Fort and interesting facts about Gwalior Fort. If you want to get complete information about Gwalior Fort, then please read this important article written by us till the end.
History and Interesting Facts of Gwalior Fort | Gwalior Fort History
History of Gwalior Fort
According to the data recorded in the history of our India, what is known is that the Gwalior Fort located in Gwalior was built in the eighth century. Gwalior Fort was built by Surya Sen, a chieftain of the eighth century. Surya Sen had made this fort like a house, that is, this fort was so big.
But its height and number of rooms were very less. Later in the 15th century, the Gwalior Fort was built by the Rajput ruler Raja Mansingh Tomar in its original form, so through them the Gwalior Fort has got its present form.
Many Rajput kings ruled the Gwalior Fort. After these kings, the fort was ruled by the rulers of the Pala dynasty for about 989 years and after the kings of the Pala dynasty, the rulers of the Pratihara dynasty ruled for it. In 1023 AD, King Mohammad Ghazni of the Mughal dynasty attacked it and was defeated.
He was very sad after this defeat, so he changed his mind. After Mohammad Ghazni, the Mughal emperor Qutbuddin Aibak attacked the Gwalior fort of Madhya Pradesh and conquered it and subdued it.
After all this, in the year 1211, Qutbuddin Aibak had to face defeat and he had to leave this palace. After this, in the year 1231 AD, Iltutmish, the son of the founder of the Mughal dynasty, ie Iltutmish, the son of Qutubuddin Aibak, again took this fort under his control. Maharaja Devavaram established the Tomar dynasty by staying in Gwalior.
Mansingh was considered the most famous king of the Tomar dynasty. Mansingh had built the Gujari Mahal for his wife Mrignayani. Man Singh gave the actual shape to this fort between 1398 and 1505 AD. Therefore, from 1398 AD to 1505 AD, the fort of Gwalior was ruled by the king of Tomar dynasty.
Mansingh had already accepted the subjugation of Ibrahim Lodi in the 16th century during the reign of Tomar dynasty itself, so later after the death of Ibrahim Lodi, Man Singh’s son Vikramaditya was replaced by Babur’s son Humayun. Summoned to the court of Delhi and Vikramaditya refused to go to Delhi.
This angered Humayun very much and Humayun along with Babur’s army attacked Gwalior and took control of Gwalior. After this again Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri and a new dynasty was established at Gwalior fort which was the Suri dynasty.
After this, in the year 1736 AD, after defeating the Suri dynasty by the Jat king Maharaj Bhim Singh, the Jats took possession. After this he remained the authority of the Jats on this fort only till 1756 AD. After this, from the year 1789 to between 18 and 44 AD, the control of this fort continued to change between the British and the Scindia, after which the battle of Maharaja Pur came in the possession of Scindia on January eighteenth.
After all this, Maharani Laxmi Bai, the most heroic woman in the history of India, whom we know as the Rani of Jhansi, along with the Marathas, attacked the fort of Gwalior to establish their supremacy, so on June 16, General Hughes He was attacked by the British army under the leadership of
The Rani of Jhansi fought the battles showing her valor and did not allow the British army to capture the fort, but during this time she was shot and the very next day on June 17, Maharani Lakshmi Bai died. This was the battle, which was given the name of the Battle of Gwalior in the history of India. After the death of Maharani Laxmi Bai, British soldiers captured the Gwalior Fort in just 3 days.
How to reach Gwalior Fort?
You all can read mainly two routes very easy to reach Gwalior, first route is air route and second is rail route. If you use the road, you may have to cover a long distance.
Because the roads are very winding and you may face a lot of difficulties to reach it in Madhya Pradesh. Because the roads are very rocky and you may have to pass through many hills, then to reach to Gwalior, you should use the rail route or air route only.
If you want to reach Gwalior city by air, then this can prove to be very good for you. If you want to reach Gwalior Fort via air, then you have to go to Gwalior after covering a distance of about 8 kms from Gwalior city airport. You can book a cab, rickshaw, auto from this airport to reach Gwalior Fort.
You all can reach Gwalior in almost few minutes by using Delhi International Airport, as the distance of Gwalior is only 327 Kms from Delhi. If you want, you can reach Gwalior from your nearest airport, so again you can use any other means to reach Gwalior Fort.
- Rail Route:
You can reach Gwalior Fort from any area of the whole country, because the facility of train movement has been made all over the country, so you can easily reach Gwalior by sitting in a train from your nearest railway station. All of you will have to stay in the train for some time according to the distance from your city to Gwalior. So all of you can reach Gwalior Fort by using train.
Some important and interesting facts about for Gwalior ::
Kohinoor diamond is the most precious diamond in the world, so this diamond is found only in Britain. You will be surprised to know that the last custodian of the Kohinoor diamond used to be the king of Gwalior.
In ancient times, the Kohinoor diamond was extracted from the mine of Gokul Kunda, but in the present time this apparently has ended.
Gwalior Fort has a lot of importance in the historical fort of the country, Gwalior Fort is also called the pearl of Hind Fort.
All of you will get to see the entrance of Gwalior Fort in the name of Hathi Pul, this gate will lead directly to Man Mandir Palace and its second gate is named Badalgarh Gate.
All of you will get to see two ways to enter Gwalior, the first way is Gwalior Gate, in which you will have to go on foot and the second way is Urwai Gate, where you can go on foot along with the car.
All of you will get to see many historical monuments, Budh and Jain temples and some other palaces like Mansingh Mahal, Karan Mahal, Gujari Mahal, Jahangir Mahal, Shahjahan Mahal, etc. in Gwalior Fort.
All of you will get to see the enamel tree in the premises inside this fort, this tree was planted by Tansen, a well-known musician in the country.
Gwalior Fort is divided into two parts, first Gujari Mahal and second Man Mandir.
The Gwalior Fort was built with red sandstone.
When was the Gwalior Fort built?
8th century to mid 15th century
When was the construction of Gwalior Fort completed?
in 1505 AD
Who completed the construction work of Gwalior Fort?
When was the foundation stone laid for the construction of Gwalior Fort?
in the eighth century
Who laid the foundation of Gwalior Fort?