India Gate History :: In the capital Delhi, we get to see many historical monuments and because of all these historical monuments, we get to know the description of important events in Indian history. India Gate is also one of those famous attractive monuments.
India Gate is dedicated to honor the brave soldiers of India. India Gate is also known as the famous All India War Memorial. Its grandeur and charm are often compared to the Arc de Triomphe in France and the Gateway of India in Mumbai.
Today, through this article, we are going to let you know about the history of India Gate and some interesting facts related to it. If you also want to know about this memorial dedicated to the soldiers who sacrificed their lives, then definitely read this article of ours till the end.
History, Design, Inscription, Amar Jawan Jyoti of India Gate | History of India Gate
History of India Gate
During the First World War (1914–1918) and the Third Anglo-Afghan War (1919), 90,000 soldiers of the British Indian Army laid down their lives defending the mighty British Empire. This is the reason that the India Gate in Delhi’s Rajpath was built in the memory of all those soldiers who were martyred.
The names of all the Indian British soldiers who died in the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War are inscribed on the entire walls of India Gate. The construction of India Gate dedicated to the brave soldiers was done in the year 1921.
The foundation stone of this war memorial (about India gate) was laid by members of the Imperial Service Tops and members of the Indian Army in a military ceremony on 10 February 1921 on The Duke of Connaught’s visit at 4.30 pm.
When the foundation stone of this monument was laid, the first Indian Viceroy Viscond Chelmsford, Frederic Thesiger and the Commander-in-Chief were also present there. Deccan Horse, 59th Shinde Rifles (Frontier Force), 39th Garhwal Rifles, 3rd Sappers and Minors, 117th Maratha, 6th Jat Light Infantry, 5th Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force) and 34th Sikh Pioneers were honored with the “Royal” “The title was awarded.
It took 10 years to complete the project of this memorial. After the completion of the project, this monument was inaugurated by the Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin on 12 February 1931.
India Gate is known as the heart of Delhi and a total of 95300 freedom fighters’ names are inscribed on this gate. Samay India Gate was designed by renowned architect Edwin Lutyens. Along with granite, red and yellow stand stones have been used in its construction. Foreign fighters keep coming from far and wide to see this attractive monument of India.
india gate design
Edwin Lutyens, who was the designer of the war memorial, took up the task of designing the India Gate, made from historical background and stunning object art. He also designed 66 war memorials in Europe, at that time he was a member of the IWGC.
The structure of India Gate is similar to the structure of ‘Arc de Triomphe’ of France. A hexagonal complex (hexagonal) is in the center of the space, with a height of 42 meters and a width of 9.1 meters, a diameter of 625 meters and an area of 306,000 square meters.
India Gate is a secular monument beyond caste sect. Especially granite, red and yellow sandstone have been used to make the walls of India Gate, which were brought from Bharatpur (Rajasthan). There is a dome above the India Gate.
In addition, 150 meters from the India Gate, there is a magnificent umbrella-like structure, which was given the form of Edwin Lutyens’ construction. In this structure there was a statue of George V, which was removed after independence and that statue was installed in Coronation Park.
History of Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate
An “Amar Jawan Jyoti” has been constructed just below the India Gate, it commemorates the soldiers who have made sacrifices and sacrifices for their country. This “Amar Jawan Jyoti” is dedicated to all the Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the Indo-Pakistani War.
“Amar Jawan Jyoti” was constructed in the year 1971 in the memory of the soldiers who died while protecting all these countries.
The Amar Jawan Jyoti was inaugurated by Indira Gandhi, the first woman Prime Minister in 1972, and she paid homage to the immortal soldiers at this memorial. Since then every year on the occasion of the Republic Day parade, the Prime Minister of the country and the three army chiefs of Indian power are present on this holy land and pay true and soulful tribute to all those brave men.
Apart from this, the three army chiefs of India are present on this martyr land on many other memorable occasions including Martyrs Day and Vijay Diwas and pay homage to the martyrs. Marble has been used entirely in the construction of this Jyoti and “Amar Jawan Jyoti” is written in big letters in it.
In addition, a self-loading rifle of L1A1 is placed just above this monument. A soldier’s helmet has been installed on its top to further enhance its splendor. The most important and special thing about this Jawan Jyoti is that an infinite flame always ignites here in the memory of the martyrs.
How does the flame of Amar Jawan Jyoti keep burning forever?
Four urns are placed next to the “Amar Jawan Jyoti” memorial and in one of them the fire is lit 24 hours a day throughout the year since 1971, earlier the Jyoti used to use LPG gas, but since 2006 the Jyoti is ignited with CNG gas. started being done. For its security, security personnel are deployed 24 hours a day every day.
Some interesting facts related to India Gate
The names of Indian soldiers who died in the First World War and the Afghan War have been beautifully recorded on the entire walls of the India Gate. The names of all those martyr soldiers can be clearly seen on the walls of India Gate even today.
The Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate was inaugurated by Indira Gandhi, the first woman Prime Minister of India, on 26 January in 1972.
Gardens and beautiful lush green plants have been built around the India Gate. Due to which it is also known as a picnic spot.
India Gate was earlier known as “All India War Memorial”. But later its name was changed to India Gate.
How to reach India Gate?
People from all corners of the world come to India to see India Gate. Here you can easily reach by any way by rail, air or road.
If you come to Delhi by rail, then you can easily reach here from both Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station and New Delhi Railway Station. Metro train is also available at low cost.
If you reach Delhi by road or air, then metro train, taxi, local bus etc. will easily take you to India Gate. If you take your personal vehicle, then you will have to park your vehicle in the parking located on Shahjahan Road, half a kilometer away from India Gate. After that, you can take a tour of it with confidence.
FAQs related to India Gate ::
Where is India Gate?
India Gate is located in Delhi (India).
What is the height of India Gate?
The height of India Gate is 42 meters.
When and who built India Gate?
The foundation stone of this war memorial was laid by members of the Imperial Service Tops and members of the Indian Army in a military ceremony at 4.30 pm on 10 February 1921 on The Duke of Connaught’s visit. It took 10 years to complete the project of this memorial. After the completion of the project, this monument was inaugurated by the Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin on 12 February 1931.
What are the spices called at India Gate?
Amar Jawan Jyoti
Who was the architect of India Gate?
Edwin Landseer Lutyens