History of Nepal :: Hello friends, today we are going to tell you all through this important article of India’s northern border and western border, in the eastern region of the Sutlej river, spread to the area of Sikkim, about 500 miles away. About an independent country. Many major tourist destinations are present in this neighboring country of India. Today, through this article, we are going to talk about a country where Mount Everest, the world’s highest mountain, is located.
Now you all must have understood which country we are talking about. Yes, you all guessed right, we are talking about Nepal, the neighboring country of India. Nepal is an independent country located between the northern and western borders of India. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. Nepal’s most important tourist destination is called Pokhara Nepal, situated in the foothills of the Himalayas. Mount Everest, the world’s largest and highest mountain, is located in Nepal.
Today, through this important article written by us, all of you people will get to know the entire history about the country of Nepal and all the information about the country of Nepal in detail. Today all of you people will get to know in this article, what is the history of Nepal country? What is the relationship between India and Nepal? The geographical area of Nepal is going to tell in great detail about the economy of Nepal, the languages spoken in Nepal and some interesting facts related to Nepal etc., so let’s start.
History and Interesting Facts of Nepal | History of Nepal
Where is Nepal located?
There is no country in the world that does not know about Nepal. Nepal is a country that is always prone to floods and earthquakes. Nepal extends for a distance of about 500 miles between the northern border of our India and the western border of the Sutlej valley to the areas of Sikkim. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. A variety of languages are spoken in Nepal.
The depth of relations between Nepal and India
Recently, all of you must have come to know through news that the relationship between Nepal and India has become heated. Although the relationship between Nepal and India is very old, yet there has been a heat between them. A border about 1850 km long has been made between India and Nepal.
There are some states of India whose borders touch Nepal such as Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, West Bengal. In the year 1950, the Indo Nepal Treaty, committed to extend the hand of peace and friendship between India and Nepal, has made a special point of giving education and economic opportunities to Nepalese and Indian people. Indian and Nepalese citizens have got freedom to participate in civil service as well as other government services.
At present, there are more than 700,000 Nepalis working in India. More than 45000 Nepalese civilians serve in Indian Army as well as Paramilitary. You will be very surprised to know that the border of India and Nepal is always open. All of you people do not need any kind of visa to go to Nepal or come back to India from Nepal. About 66% of Nepal’s business is done in India.
history of nepal
Nepal used to be a part of Ashoka Empire in very ancient times. In the third century itself, the Ashoka Empire had subjugated Nepal, after this, in the fourth century, the kingdom of Nepal accepted the sovereign power of Samudragupta. Samudragupta ruled Nepal from the 4th century to the early 7th century.
After this, in the seventh century, Tibet attacked Nepal to establish its supremacy and took control of Nepal. After all these attacks, due to internal conflicts in Nepal, there was a lot of blood vessel and by the 11th century, the kings of Thakuri dynasty took their authority in Nepal. After all this, when the most famous ruler of the Malla dynasty in Nepal, Yakshamalla ruled from about 14 to 28 AD to 14 to 75 AD.
After all this, the invasion of Nepal did not stop, so later the ruler of Mithila, Nanyadev, over the country of Nepal, was able to assert his suzerainty for only a few months. Not only this, Nepal was divided even before the death of Yakshamalla, the ruler of the Malla dynasty. Even after this partition, Nepal itself sat in the two mutually rival states of Kathmandu and India village.
Taking advantage of the quarrels of these kings, the Gorkha caste, who lived in the areas of the Western Himalayas, invaded Nepal to establish their authority in the year 1768 and took their monopoly over Nepal. The Gorkhas of the Western Himalayas developed intelligence in their military power and formed a powerful kingdom over Nepal. By the 19th century, the Gurkhas extended the southern boundary of their kingdom to merge with the northern border of British India.
After all this, the border became a very deep topic near the border and from 1814 AD to 1815 AD there was a very fierce war between Nepal and the British. In this war, the Treaty of Sugauli was signed between the two countries and according to this Nepal gave some important departments of its state as a gift to the British government. There was also a flag treaty in Nepal, according to which the foreign policy of Nepal was controlled by the British government of India.
Between 1951 AD and 1960 AD, when the Indian king Mahendra Singh enacted the Panchayat system. Then a multi-party democracy was also developed in Nepal, after which the parliamentary government was restored by Raja Virendra in 1990 AD and Nepal had to face communist Maoist insurgency for almost a decade.
After all this, a monarchy was also acquired in the year 2008 and the second legislative assembly of Nepal propounded the new constitution in the year 2015 AD. Due to many years of political upheaval and great struggles, a new constitution was implemented on 20 September 2015 and before that it was a Hindu nation, but at present, the constitution has declared Nepal as a secular state and the constitution of Nepal is applicable to all citizens. Freedom has been given to follow their religion as per their wish.
After all this, people in the majority areas of Nepal continue to be followers of Hinduism and in minority areas continue to follow as perverts of Buddhism. Many important handwritten Sanskrit texts exist in ancient Nepal. At present, Nepal is living under the rule of Maharaja Virendra. Maharaja Virendra’s father Late. Maharaja Mahendra implemented a new constitution.
According to mythological beliefs, Nepal is mentioned in the Mahabharata festival in relation to Karan’s Digvijay. After conquering all the kings in the country of Nepal, he came down from the Himalaya Mountains and then proceeded towards the East. After all this, Karna also conquered limb fractures etc.
From this it is known that even in ancient times, Nepal was considered a part of India from the geographical and cultural point of view. The name Nepal is not a present name, but the name Nepal has been prevalent since ancient times i.e. from the time of Mahabharata. Nepal was the kingdom of non-Aryan tribes for a very long time and in the Middle Ages, the political century Mewar had passed into the hands of a branch of the Rajasthan dynasty.
The branch made by the Rajputs came to Nepal to avoid the invasion of Muslims from Mewar and the Chhatriya dynasty has started living in Nepal. At present, the rights of the people of Kshatriya dynasty have been going on in Nepal. There are many such places in Nepal, where since ancient times till now the holy pilgrimage of Hinduism and Buddhism will be found for all of you to see.
economy of nepal country
After the constitution came into force in the year 2015, a GDP of Nepal for the year 2018 was about 28.8 billion dollars and in the year 2018 itself reached 7.1% in the year 2019 with 3 percent annual growth rate. Nepal is one of the countries with the fastest growing economy in the world.
However, at present, the country is ranked around 165 in per capita GDP and around 162 in per capita GDP according to PPP. Not only this, Nepal is a country which is also a member of WTO since 23 April 2004.
Languages spoken in the country of Nepal
Nepali to the people residing in the country of Nepal and the most important language spoken there i.e. Nepali is the official language of Nepal. The culture of the country of Nepal is very similar to that of Tibet and India. There are mainly 6 languages spoken in Nepal except Nepali: Gurung, Tamang, Nepa Bhasha Neva, Gorkhali, Kirati and Magar.
Which cities of Nepal have the largest population?
There are some cities in Nepal too, where the population is slowly leaving India behind, let’s know:
Neighboring Countries of Nepal
Nepal has only two neighboring countries, first India and second China.
Interesting facts related to the country of Nepal ::
According to the World Bank, the total population of Nepal in the year 2016 was about 2.9 crores.
The borders of Nepal are connected to India in the southeast and west and with China in the north.
Gautam Buddha was born in 623 BC at a place called Lumbini in Nepal itself.
More than 80 castes live in Nepal, but Nepali is a country where there is never any conflict over caste.
Most of the people residing in Nepal belong to Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam religion and Christianity.
The total area of the country of Nepal is about 56827 square miles.
In the year 2015, about 11000 people lost their lives in the earthquake that occurred with a magnitude of 7.8 to 8.1.
Mount Everest, the world’s highest mountain, is located in Nepal itself, the height of Mount Everest is about 8848 meters.
Officially, Saturday is a holiday in Nepal, just like Sunday in India.
The major ethnic groups residing in Nepal are Kshatriya, Bahu, Magra etc.
The currency used in Nepal is Nepalese Rupee.
The national language spoken in Nepal is Nepali.