History of BJP :: Bharatiya Janata Party is a major political party in India as well as the largest political party. It is the largest party in the world in terms of primary membership. This party was formed on 6 April 1980 at a workers’ convention held at Kotla Maidan in New Delhi.
The goal of the party was to make a capable nation. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was elected the first president of the party. The President of the Bharatiya Janata Party is the elected head of the party, who was appointed for a two-year term. However, now this time has changed to 3 years.
Amit Shah was the President of BJP Party in 2019, currently JP Nadda is the President of BJP. With the establishment of the BJP party, being vocal on the issues of international, national and public interest, registered its strong participation in Indian democracy. People recognize this party by the lotus symbol.
The history of this party is very old. If you want to know the history of Bharatiya Janata Party and everything about it, then definitely read this article till the end. Because in today’s article we are going to tell many facts related to the Janata Party of India and the history of Bharatiya Janata Party.
History of Bharatiya Janata Party | History of BJP
History of Bharatiya Janata Party
The history of Bharatiya Janata Party is associated with Jana Sangh. After independence, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India, who turned his back on the responsibility of Hindus living in Pakistan. After the death of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Gandhiji, Nehru’s authoritarianism began to prevail in the Congress.
Dr. Shyam Prasad Mookerjee resigned from the Nehru cabinet in Nehru’s government on the subject of minority appeasement, negligence on national security, license permit quota raj, neglect of Indian interests in national affairs, etc. After Nehru’s love, such policies started being made, due to which the culture of India was starting to become unsafe.
Now the Congress had started following the path of Nehruism by dispelling Gandhism. Due to which Dr. Shyam Prasad Banerjee along with other national leaders also sensed this danger and then realized the need of a new political party in India. Thus the Bharatiya Jana Sangh was established on 31 October 1951 under the chairmanship of Dr. Shyam Prasad Mookerjee.
After the formation of the new political party, in March 1953, Jana Sangh started a Satyagraha in Delhi on the complete accession of Jammu and Kashmir. Dr Shyam Prasad Banerjee decided to enter Kashmir without a permit and roared and told the people that in one country, two laws, two marks, two heads will not work.
With his determination and full cooperation of the public, Dr Shyam Prasad Banerjee entered Kashmir on 11 May 1953 without a permit. Due to which the authoritarian attitude of Nehru led to the arrest of Dr. Shyam Prasad Mukherjee. Where he died in a mysterious condition on 23 June 1953.
The whole country went into mourning due to the martyrdom of Dr Shyam Prasad Banerjee. With the effect of his sacrifice, on 9 August 1953, Sheikh Abdullah was removed from the post of Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir and he was imprisoned and the permit system in Jammu and Kashmir was abolished forever.
Nationalist Activities of Jana Sangh Dal
After the death of Dr Shyam Prasad Banerjee, the responsibility of empowering the new party fell on the shoulders of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay. Bharatiya Jana Sangh played an important role in the Indo-China war, strongly opposed the policies of Nehru. The country got independence from the British rule in 1947, but many parts of the country were still under the control of foreign powers.
To liberate all those parts the party started the Goa Liberation Movement, to liberate Pondicherry and Dadar Haveli started the Dadar Haveli independence movement. He even campaigned for and opposed the handover of Berubodi of West Bengal to Pakistan.
Also opposed the Kutch settlement, started a campaign against cow slaughter. Even in 1965, when Pakistan fraudulently attacked India and occupied many areas of Kutch. Then Jana Sangh protested, even 5 lakh people gathered from all over the country and came to Delhi and gave the slogan ‘Fauj Na Hari, Kaum Na Hari, Haar Gayi Sarkar Hamari’.
Seeing the support of the people in these nationalist activities of Jana Sangh’s party, immediately Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri got courage and then the Indian army faced the Pakistani forces and won them.
Bharatiya Jana Sangh merged with Janata Party
The country was ruled by Indira Gandhi during the 70s. The Congress government under the leadership of Indira Gandhi was becoming autocratic, due to which a feeling of dissatisfaction with the Congress began to arise among the people. The student movement started in Bihar with the Gujarat Navnirman movement.
Indira Gandhi adopted the path of repression to stop the movement. People were very angry with this act of Indira Gandhi and opposition to the Congress rule started. In 1971, emergency was imposed in the country in the form of Indo-Pak war and insurgency in Bangladesh. Which continued even after the end of the war, due to which there was a demand for its removal.
Frightened by the people’s movement, Indira Gandhi tried to suppress the voice of the people with the repression cycle, due to which the Emergency was again imposed in the country on 25 January 1975.
During this many big national leaders were imprisoned. Even the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh was banned, newspapers were censored and many other nationalist organizations were banned, thousands of activists were imprisoned.
Due to all these reasons, democracy began to be threatened and the mass struggle started intensifying even more, due to which in the end, Indira Gandhi dissolved the Lok Sabha on 18 January 1977. After which elections were held for the government not again in the country.
After which a new national party Janata Party was formed on the call of Jayaprakash Narayan and under his leadership the country got a new government. However, that government could not last long. Due to mutual fighting and Congress conspiracy, the government fell in a very short time.
To topple the Janata Party government, the Congress played many tricks and raised the issue of dual membership to isolate the members of the party, and objected to the Janata Party for being associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and called them into the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Banned from being a member.
Due to which the Janata Party separated from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh on 4 April 1980 and formed the Bharatiya Janata Party. Thus the Bharatiya Janata Party was established.
A new change in the politics of Bharatiya Janata Party
During 1987, Rajiv Gandhi’s government was in the country. His government was accused of many corruption, his minority vote bank politics was also exposed in the Shah Bano case. On 25th February 1989, on the birth anniversary of Deendayal Upadhyay, LK Advani took out a yatra of Ramrath from Somnath in Gujarat and this yatra got immense public support from every part of the country from which it originated.
In this way, this yatra changed the political party of the Bharatiya Janata Party. The period of 1991 came when terrorism was at its peak. Jammu and Kashmir was largely under the influence of terrorism, then the Bharatiya Janata Party decided to hoist the tricolor at Lal Chowk in Kashmir.
Then on December 1991, Ekta Yatra was taken out under the leadership of the immediate President of BJP Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi and the tricolor was hoisted on 26 January 1942 at Lal Chowk in Srinagar. In this way, this new strategy of BJP gave the message of unity and integrity of India.
After which the BJP emerged as the largest party in the Lok Sabha elections held in 1996, 1998 and 1999, and then the government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee led the country in a very successful manner.
At present there is a BJP government in the country. In the year 2014, Narendra Damodardas Modi took oath as the Prime Minister of India. BJP achieved unprecedented achievements as soon as Narendra Modi came to power. Many schemes implemented by the present government have done economic and social development of the country.
From the upliftment of women, the BJP played its role in improving the conditions of the farmers. Created employment opportunities by bringing Skill India scheme, taught the country to depend on itself through Make in India scheme, took steps to empower India modernly with schemes like Digital India, Deendayal Gram Jyoti Yojana, AMRUT Mission.
Schemes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Jan Dhan Yojana, Sukanya Samridhi Yojana lit the flame of a new future for daughters in the country. To come today in this manner, the BJP and its coalition government in the state are engaged in the welfare of the people. With the proclamation ‘Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas’, BJP is building a bridge for a proud India.
facts about bjp party
In 1996, Atal Bihari became the first Prime Minister of BJP. But his government fell within 13 days due to lack of absolute majority.
After the formation of BJP in 1980, BJP contested the first general election in 1984, in which BJP had only two seats.
In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP won 282 seats, becoming the only party in the country after the Congress to win a majority on its own.
Unitary humanism, first propounded by Deendayal Upadhyay in 1965, has been the perceived ideology of the BJP, which has historically favored Hindu nationalism.
In the case of Babri Masjid collapse in Ayodhya on 6 December 1993, many big leaders of BJP in which leaders like Lal Krishna Advani, Uma Bharti and Murli Manohar Joshi were accused of being involved in this case.
The BJP became paramount in the public eye by resolving several controversial issues, including abolition of special constitutional status for Jammu and Kashmir, construction of a Ram temple in Ayodhya, and a common citizenship law for all Indians.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee and LK Advani played an important role in strengthening the Janata Party of India. After that it became even more powerful under the leadership of Narendra Modi.
Under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Bharatiya Janata Party established many new paradigms, in which successful launch of Agni missile, nuclear blast test in Pokhran, Kargil victory.
From 2013 to 14, Rajnath Singh was the President of the Bharatiya Janata Party, followed by Amit Shah from 2014 to 2020 as the President of the Bharatiya Janata Party. Presently JP Nadda is the President of Bharatiya Janata Party. On the other hand, the Parliamentary Party President is Narendra Modi.