Meaning and Definition of Education: Education is a lifelong process that continues continuously from birth to death of the child. All-round development of the child is done through education. From time to time, various types of schemes are also organized to educate people in your country. Like one of these prominent campaigns is Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. That means education for everyone. Today hindivaani will tell you all the information related to education in this article.
Meaning and definition of education, importance, purpose
Concept of education
Education is an expression of the perfection of human development. Education develops the ability to identify oneself and recognize its strengths.
Plato states that “Ignorance is the root cause of all disasters, rather than being ignorant it is better not to take birth.”
Maharishi Ved Vyas states that “Knowledge not only shows the truth of life, but it also teaches a person to speak, walk, behave”.
Real meaning of education
In ancient times the teacher was called Vidya. The word vidya originated by applying the suffix “a” to the metal “vid”, which means to know. In ancient times, knowledge has been considered highly important for the development of human life.
The word education has come from the introduction of a suffix in the Sanskrit teaching of Sanskrit which means learning and teaching.
Education is called Education in English Language. According to educationists, the word education has its origin from the following words in the Latin language.
Narrow meaning of education
The narrow meaning of education means education that is given at a certain place or school college for a fixed time and under a certain plan.
Broad meaning of education
According to the broad meaning of education, education is a life-long process. This process starts at the same time when the child is born. That is, education in a broader sense means all those experiences of a child, which have an effect on him from birth to death, ie the uncontrolled environment.
Definition of education ::
Definition of education according to Brown
“Education is the process by which a person’s behavior changes.”
Role of Education
We all know that education is another name for the development of man’s innate powers. All-round development of human beings is done only by these powers. Some educationists say that there is no difference between teaching and imparting knowledge. But this belief has been proved to be confusing today because education is a process accomplished. Education is limited to imparting knowledge only. Education cannot be called education unless it introduces the values, ideals and beliefs of life. In this regard, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan has expressed his views that-
“Education is not limited to providing information and skill training. It has to provide value to the educated person. Scientists and technical people are also citizens. They live in the community and they also have social responsibility. “
The role of education can be understood as follows.
Development of internal powers of the child.
Physical development of the child.
Character and moral development of the child.
Preservation and creation of our culture.
Readiness to prepare for future life.
Development of self control power.
Social development of the child.
Mental and intellectual development of the child.
Importance of education
The importance of education is as follows.
- The importance of education develops in every aspect of the person and creates its character.
- Education in the national life, by developing a sense of national unity, emotional unity, social efficiency and national discipline within the person, makes him capable to fulfill his social duty and to prioritize the national interest. it happens.
Work of education
● Develop inner powers
● Complete development of the entire personality
● Preparation for future life
● uplift the moral
● Development of human qualities
● make self-sufficient
● Enabling fulfillment of needs
● Improve the innate patterns
● Knowledge of social rules
● History of ancient literature
● Assisted in covering the crooks
● Development of social spirit
● Helping social progress
● About religions
● liberal view
● emotional unity
● skilled citizens
● National Development
● National Integration
● Public interest related work
● Public income related work
● National discipline
Knowledge of rights and duties
● Adjustment to environment
● optimize the environment
Purpose of education
Education is a meaningful process of personal and social development, so its general, specific, individual and social purpose is different which is as follows.
- Under the common purpose, a person’s behavior, character, behavior, attitude, feelings, thoughts and knowledge change.
- Specific objectives are today called general objectives, their area and nature are limited.
It is also constructed keeping in mind any special situation and special reason. This purpose is flexible, adaptable and variable.
- Personal purpose is the ancient purpose of education, in this purpose, the supporters of this society consider the person bigger than the society.
- From the point of view of social purpose, the entire life of an individual is for the good of the nation and not just for the individual good.
Factors affecting educational objective in current India
■ Factors affecting the purpose of education in present day India are philosophy, life philosophy, political ideology, social ideology, show economic, technical, advancement natural conditions.
■ The government that governed under the political ideology took over the system of education. Therefore, it constitutes the structure of education in its own way. Thus, the objective of education has the effect of the then government.
■ The social conditions under social ideology have a substantial impact on the purpose of education. The aim of Indian education is only to educate the society and gather resources for the livelihood of all.
■ The natural environment and natural wealth of the country still affects the objectives of education.
■ The economic level of a country affects the purpose of education there. Due to lack of economic resources in a country like India, the objective of education has not been achieved by lack of proper means.
Types of education
Types of education: Educationists have classified teachers in many ways, the main among them are
- Formal education
- Informal education
- Distance Education
Formal education is the task of giving all efforts to the child. In formal education, the scheme of education i.e. time, place, teacher’s law and syllabus is predetermined.
Informal education is a formal education system with formalities that address formal education limitations and shortcomings. This system does not have formal elements that limit their ability towards mass education. This scheme fully educates a flexible course illiterate in a short time.
New tools are being used to expand the range of education. Distance education is also proving to be an important tool. Distance education is a multidisciplinary education system such as learning or education correspondence education, external studies, studies and external studies in council, etc.
The components of distance education are as follows – free learning, free education correspondence education.
Difference between formal education and informal education
The following are the differences between formal and informal education.
■ The objective of formal education is general and ideal, while the objective of informal education is real specific and timely.
■ Formal education symbolizes the aspirations, beliefs, ideals and needs of social life, whereas informal education aims at the knowledge and solution of the inherent needs and problems of the person.
■ The formal education sector is wide-ranging and controlled. While the field of informal education is limited.
■ Formal education is preparation for present and future life whereas informal education gives more emphasis on present.
■ The curriculum of formal education is broad objective and true in life whereas the course of informal education is for the purpose and social environment.
Final Word: –
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