Prithviraj Chauhan History :: Many heroes were born on the holy land of India for centuries and they sacrificed their lives for the honor, honor and glory of Mother India. Such was the heroic king Prithviraj Chauhan, who was the last Hindu ruler born in the Chauhan dynasty. Who took over the rule of Delhi and Ajmer after the death of his father at the age of just 11 and also expanded it.
It is said that Prithviraj Chauhan was the only brave king who fought with Mohammad Ghori and captured his kingdom. After that there was no Hindu king who proved his valor like this.
In today’s article, we will tell about the story and history of this great king Prithviraj Chauhan. Along with this, the film Prithviraj Chauhan made on him will also tell about the film. So do read the article till the end.
History of Prithviraj Chauhan
Early Life of Prithviraj Chauhan
The great knight and mighty warrior Prithviraj Chauhan was born in 1149 in Patan (Gujarat). His father’s name was Maharaja Someshwar and mother’s name was Karpura Devi. His father was the king of Ajmer. When his father died at the age of 11, he took charge of Ajmer at a young age and became the successor of Ajmer.
He was born after 12 years of the marriage of his parents, due to which many people in the state were barred from becoming his successor, due to which they always had a conspiracy against him. But Prithviraj Chauhan lived up to the expectations of the people by becoming an efficient ruler.
Education of Prithviraj Chauhan
Prithviraj Chauhan took education from Saraswati Kanthabharan Vidyapeeth. Prithviraj Chauhan also took education of war and later became a skilled warrior. They were also called Rai Pithora. He was a skilled warrior since childhood. From his childhood, he had practiced Shabdbhedi Baan Vidya, through which he could shoot arrows on the basis of sound without being seen.
Prithviraj Chauhan had also taken knowledge of six languages including Sanskrit, Prakrit, Paishachi, Shauraseni, Magadhi and Apabhramsa language. Apart from this, he had also taken knowledge of Mimamsa, Vedanta, Purana, History, Military Science, Mathematics and Medical Science. He was also expert in horse and elephant control.
Succession of Prithviraj Chauhan to Delhi
Prithviraj Chauhan’s mother Kapuri Devi was the only child of her father, due to which Kapuri Devi’s father was Maharaja Anganpal, who was the king of Delhi. He was worried about who would take charge of his empire after his death.
Thinking thus, he got the suggestion to make Prithviraj Chauhan the successor after his death. Then he decided to make Prithviraj Chauhan the successor of Delhi with the consent of both the father and mother of Prithviraj Chauhan and then after the death of Maharaja Anganpal in 1166, Prithviraj Chauhan was crowned as the new king on the throne of Delhi. .
Expansion of Prithviraj Chauhan’s Empire
Prithviraj Chauhan also took charge of Ajmer after the death of his father, after that he extended his empire till Delhi. He then defeated the Chandela rulers to expand his empire to the neighboring kingdom.
Fought war with the kings of Chalukya dynasty and lived up to the expectations of the subjects by becoming an efficient ruler. He also did many adventures for the betterment of the public.
love story of prithviraj chauhan and princess sanyogita
The love story of Prithviraj Chauhan and Princess Sanyogita is very interesting. Sanyogita was the daughter of King Jayachand, who was the king of Kannauj. Sanyogita was very beautiful since childhood and she had heard many tales of Prithviraj Chauhan’s heroism from her friends, due to which she wanted to see Prithviraj Chauhan once.
In the meantime, once a painter named Pannarai from Delhi had come to Kannauj with the beauty of Delhi and the picture of King Prithviraj. When Queen Sanyogita came to know about this, she called that painter to her. Sanyogita urged the painter Pannaray to show the picture of Prithviraj Chauhan.
On seeing the picture, Sanyogita is fascinated by Prithviraj Chauhan, after which she asks painter Panna Rai to make her picture and tell her mind to Prithviraj Chauhan.
Painter Pannaraya makes a portrait of Queen Sanyogita and presents it in front of Prithviraj Chauhan and also tells about her mind. Seeing the beauty of Sanyogita in the picture, Prithviraj Chauhan also gets fascinated by her. Gradually, they write love letters to each other and their love grows even more.
Now the love story of Sanyogita and Prithviraj Chauhan gradually started coming in the ears of other people of the states as well. When Sanyogita’s father Jaichand comes to know about this, he organizes Sanyogita’s swayamvara. Because Jaichand had enmity with Prithviraj Chauhan, due to which he did not want both of them to marry each other.
Jaichand organized a swayamvara for his daughter, where princes of many countries were invited. There, in order to insult Prithviraj Chauhan, Jaichand ordered to put the effigy of Prithviraj Chauhan at the place of the gatekeeper at the door outside the fort.
Sanyogita already sends a message to Prithviraj Chauhan to kidnap herself in a letter. After that, when Sanyogita comes to wear the garland, she puts a garland on the effigy of Prithviraj Chauhan, seeing that her father is humiliated and angry.
Meanwhile, Prithviraj Chauhan reaches the swayamvar after reading Sanyogita’s letter and on Sanyogita’s consent, kidnaps Sanyogita and takes her to his capital, after reaching there both get married.
Prithviraj Chauhan and Chandravardai
Chandbardai was a childhood friend of Prithviraj. He was also the court poet of Prithviraj’s court. Chandbardai also wrote a book named ‘Prithviraj Raso’ based on the soul of Prithviraj Chauhan. It is because of the verse read by Chandbardai that Prithvi Raj is able to kill Mohammad Ghori for the eighth time in the war by shooting a rhetorical arrow.
Battle of Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohammad Ghori
Prithviraj’s army was quite large with 3 lakh soldiers and 300 elephants, due to which he spread his kingdom far and wide. There was a total of 18 wars between Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohammad Ghori, in which they defeated Mohammad Ghori 17 times. For the eighteenth time Mohammad is defeated by Ghori but in the end Mohammad kills Ghori.
The first war that took place between Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohammad Ghori took place at a place called Terai near Sirhind Fort. The first war between Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohammad Ghori took place while extending their rule to Punjab. Prithviraj Chauhan decided to spread the expansion of his kingdom in Punjab also. But at that time the whole of Punjab was ruled by Mohammad Ghori, due to which it was impossible for Prithviraj Chauhan to rule Punjab without fighting with Mohammad Ghori.
That is why Prithviraj Chauhan attacked Mohammad Ghori with his huge army. In the end of the war between the two, Mohammad Ghori is defeated and Prithviraj Chauhan starts ruling Punjab. Even after that, Mohammad Ghori attacked Prithviraj Chauhan many times but every time he is defeated.
But then in the end when Mohammad Ghori comes to know about the enmity of Prithviraj Chauhan and Jaichand, he again attacks Prithviraj Chauhan with the help of Jaichand. This battle also takes place in the plain of Tarain.
At that time many Rajput kings were disappointed with Prithviraj Chauhan due to the incident in Sanyogita’s swayamvar, due to which no Rajput kings supported Prithviraj Chauhan at that time, due to which they fell alone.
In such a situation, Prithviraj Chauhan alone faced Mohammad Ghori with his 300,000 soldiers. But there were good cavalry in the army of Mohammad Ghori, who surrounded the army of Mohammad Ghori from all sides. Due to this Prithviraj Chauhan gets defeated.
After which Gauri Prithviraj Chauhan and Chandra Bardai are taken captive. Jaichand betrayed Prithviraj Chauhan and he too had to bear the consequences of betrayal. Mohammad Ghori also killed Jaichand. In this way, after defeating Prithviraj Chauhan, Mohammad Ghori again gets the rule over the whole of Punjab, Delhi, Ajmer and Kannauj.
After this, no Rajput ruler could prove his valor to get the rule of Delhi again like Prithviraj Chauhan.
death of prithviraj chauhan
After defeating Prithviraj, Gauri takes Prithviraj Chauhan and Chandbardai captive to his kingdom, where he tortures Prithviraj Chauhan a lot. He even burns Prithviraj Chauhan’s eyes with a hot iron bar, causing Prithviraj Chauhan to lose his eyesight.
After that, Mohammad Gauri asks Prithviraj Chauhan for his last wish before his death, then on the advice of Chandbardai, Prithviraj Chauhan expresses his desire to perform the feat of shooting a slang arrow.
Then Chandbardai one verse four bamboo twenty four yards, Angul Ashta Praman. There is a sultan above, don’t miss Chauhan. Read, through which Prithviraj gives an indication to Chauhan that at what height Mohammad Ghori is sitting so that Prithviraj Chauhan will aim at that height.
At the same signal, Prithviraj Chauhan releases the arrow and with one arrow pierces Gauri’s brain. After that, Prithviraj Chauhan and Chandbardai end up killing each other to escape their plight.
How many wives did Prithviraj Chauhan have? (Prithviraj Chauhan Wife Name)
- Jambhavati Padihari
- Panwari Ichhani
- Yadav Padmavati
- Yadav Shashivrata
- Sanyogita Gahadwal
film on prithviraj chauhan
Till now many TV serials have been made on Prithviraj Chauhan. But this year in 2022, the entire historical story of Prithviraj Chauhan will be shown in the form of a film. Many historical and biopic films are being made in Hindi cinema every year and this is also a good thing because every generation of today should know about the life of the brave sons of our country who sacrificed their lives.
Prithviraj Chauhan is a historical biopic drama film. This film, made under Yash Raj Film Production, is directed by Dr. Chandraprakash Dwivedi. According to the news, this film is going to release on 03 June 2022.
Many Bollywood actors are going to be seen in the film. Akshay Kumar will be seen in the lead role of Prithviraj Chauhan in the film. Apart from this, world beauty Manushi Chillar will be seen playing the role of Sanyogita in this film. Actor Manav Vij plays the role of Mohammad Gauri in this film.
Sonu Sood will be seen in the role of Chandbardai, the friend of Prithviraj Chauhan. Actor Ashutosh Rana will be seen in the role of Raja Jaichand of Kannauj, besides Sanjay Dutt in this film. It is being told that only historical life will be shown without any kind of tampering in the story.
Interesting facts about Prithviraj Chauhan
Prithviraj Chauhan’s childhood friend was Chandbardai, whom he considered as his brother.
Prithviraj Chauhan was a valiant and brave king as well as he had the quality of a worthy king, who does good to his subjects. This was the reason that at the age of 13, Prithviraj Chauhan took over the throne of Rajgarh in Ajmer.
Chandbardai also composed Prithviraj Raso Granth based on the life of Prithviraj Chauhan. This book is a poetic book, in which the entire life of Prithviraj Chauhan has been told through poetry.
Prithviraj Chauhan was so brave that it is believed that in his childhood he had ripped off the jaw of a lion without any weapon.
Prithviraj Chauhan knew how to shoot an arrow, due to which he was able to kill Mohammad Ghori.
Prithviraj Chauhan was also known as Rai Pithora.
Prithviraj Chauhan’s army was very large. It is believed that there were 300 elephants and more than 300,000 soldiers in his army. This was the reason that with the help of such huge armies, he defeated Mohammad Ghori in the battle of First Tarain.
The Samadhi of Prithviraj Chauhan was built outside Ghazni city in Afghanistan.
Prithviraj Chauhan not only became the 1st brave king of India but was also a wise man. He had knowledge of 6 languages, which are Magadi, Prakrit, Sanskrit, Paishachi, Shauraseni and Apabhramsa etc.
Not only this, he also had knowledge of other fields like Gita, Purana, Mathematics, Vedanta, Mimamsa, military science and medical science.
Prithviraj Chauhan had defeated Mohammad Ghori 17 times in the war and every time he would leave him with an apology. But for the 18th time, Mohammad Gauri defeats Prithviraj Chauhan.
Prithviraj Chauhan was also popular as Hindu Emperor, Bharateshwar, Prithviraj III etc.
Prithviraj was the last Hindu ruler born in the Chauhan dynasty.
Who was the royal court poet of Prithviraj Chauhan?
Prithviraj Chauhan’s court poet was Chandbardai, who wrote Prithviraj Raso Granth, an autobiography of Prithviraj Chauhan.
How many times was the war between Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohammad Ghori?
There was a war 18 times between Prithviraj Chauhan and Mohammad Ghori.
Whose daughter was Sanyogita?
Sanyogita was the daughter of King Jayachand of Kannauj.
How many wives did Prithviraj Chauhan have?
Prithviraj Chauhan had thirteen queens, of whom Sanyogita was the most beautiful.
What happened to Sanyogita after the death of Prithviraj Chauhan?
After the death of Prithviraj Chauhan, Sanyogita decided to do Johor with other Hindu queens. But Muhammad Ghori’s general Qutubuddin wanted to abduct Sanyogita and all the Hindu queens for which he had camped outside the fort. But by the time he could open the door of the fort, Sanyogita and all the queens had done wonders.
Who is the main character in Prithviraj Chauhan movie?
Akshay Kumar and Manushi Chillar are in the lead roles of the film on Prithviraj Chauhan.
Who was the friend of Prithviraj Chauhan?