Kashmiri Pandits History :: After the partition of Pakistan and India, there has been a relationship of tension between these two countries since then. Every day Pakistani terrorists keep attacking India. However, if anyone is troubled the most by this terrorist, then it is the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Because after partition, some part of Jammu and Kashmir was occupied by Pakistanis, after which there was always the effect of terror of Pakistani terrorists in its nearby areas. Due to which Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir, remained a victim of terrorism for a long time.
Gradually the terror spread to other parts of the state as well, which started affecting the Kashmiri Pandits. He was forced to leave his kingdom because of terrorists. There were many atrocities with Kashmiri Pandits and to make people aware of this atrocity, Bollywood film ‘Kashmir Files’ has been made, which depicts the plight of these Kashmiri Pandits.
In today’s article, we will discuss about the history of these Kashmiri Pandits and the film made on them, so read the article till the end.
Who were the Kashmiri Pandits and their history? Kashmiri Pandits History
Who is Kashmiri Pandit?
Kashmir, which is called the paradise of India, has always been under the influence of terrorists, although it was not always so. Before independence there was a lot of happiness and peace here. Even in this nature beauty state many Muslims and other rulers also attacked and they ruled here but always there was peace here.
In the early days, Kashmir had the largest population of Kashmiri Pandits. These Pandits belonged to the group of Saraswat Brahmins, who were the only Kashmiri Hindu caste. He was also a native of this state. These Kashmiri Pandits were of two types, in which the first Kashmiri Pandit was called Banavasi.
This category included those Pandits who had left the valley during the rule of Muslim kings and then settled back. In the second category were the Malmasi Pandits. Those Pandits were counted in this category, who, despite suffering the atrocities of the Muslim rulers, did not leave the valley and settled their life here forever.
Now only a handful of Kashmiri Pandits reside in the Kashmir Valley. It is said that the number of these Pandits was educated and the number of people was considerable, who were in high positions of the administrative and other departments of the state. It is believed that the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru also belonged to this community.
History of Kashmiri Pandits
After the independence of the country, there were many debates regarding the rights of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan tried a lot to get Jammu and Kashmir under its control. But when he failed, then many terrorist organizations started forming in India, which started having a bad effect on the people of Jammu and Kashmir.
Apart from Hindus, many Muslim people also lived in Jammu and Kashmir, in which some Muslims were Pakistani supporters. Due to which the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front and its pro-Pakistan Islamist groups started getting stronger, who started spreading the poison of hatred towards India among other Muslims residing here.
This is the reason that by 1988 the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front started revolting to liberate Kashmir from India. Tika Lal Taplu, a Hindu Kashmiri leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party, was assassinated in 1989 due to a separatist insurgency, causing panic among the Kashmiri Pandit communities residing here and making them feel insecure.
Even in 1990, an advertisement was published by a terrorist organization in a Kashmir Urdu newspaper, in which Kashmiri Pandits were warned that if they do not convert their religion, they will have to leave the valley or else they will all be killed. will be murdered. After which many Pandits adopted Muslim religion out of fear.
But the pundits who opposed it were subjected to many atrocities. Even many pundits were killed. In the year 1990, two Kashmiri Pandits who were government employees were killed by terrorists in Srinagar. After which the tension in the valley increased even more and the situation started getting worse.
Posters were put up all around threatening Kashmiri Pandits to leave the state. Fear was repeatedly spread among the pundits through loudspeakers. On the night of 19 January a very terrible scene happened. All the Muslim people came out on the streets and started asking the Pandits to leave Kashmir.
The Muslims also treated many Kashmiri Pandit women badly and even killed many young children. The sad thing is that Kashmiri Pandits sought help from the government but they neither got help from the state government nor from the central government.
At that time there was a government of VP Singh at the center and Farooq Abdullah’s government in the state. But both the governments failed to help these Kashmiri Pandits, due to which in the end the Kashmiri Pandits decided to give up and leave the valley. By the end of January, Kashmiri Pandits had left the valley and settled in separate states.
Film made on Kashmiri Pandits
Well-known filmmaker Vivek Agnihotri has brought the film ‘The Kashmir Files’ on the story of the atrocities and exodus of Kashmiri Pandits and Hindus of Kashmir in the 90s. The film released on 11 March.
There are many veteran actors of Bollywood in this film. Anupam Kher, Mithun Chakraborty including Pallava Joshi, Darshan Kumar have given their good performances in the film, due to which the film was highly appreciated.
Talking about the beginning of the story of the film, the film has been made completely centering on the atrocities of Kashmiri Pandits. However, the story of the film revolves around a teacher Pandit Ki named Pushkar Nath. Anupam Kher is in the character of this teacher.
Pushkar Nath Pandit has a grandson, whose name is Krishna. Starring Darshan Kumar, who comes from Delhi to Kashmir to fulfill the last wish of his grandfather, who stays with his best friend Brahma Dutt. Mithun Chakraborty is in the role of friend.
Other actors also play other friends. After that, the story moves forward and then shows the atrocities of Kashmiri Pandits and their exodus as well as showing a glimpse of Kashmir before 1990. Threats to Kashmiri Pandits in the 90s and the atmosphere of fear spread in them are also depicted in this film, seeing which the audience can understand the sad story of Kashmiri Pandits.
However, this is not the first film on which the story of Kashmiri Pandits has been shown. Earlier in 2020, Vidhu Vinod Chopra directed a film called Shikara. In that film also the exodus of Kashmiri Pandits and Hindus to Kashmir was made the basis.
However, the film depicts the suffering of Kashmiri people through a love story. At the same time, hair-raising scenes have been shown in the film ‘The Kashmir Files’. In this film, an attempt has been made to show the story of Kashmiri Hindus very deeply and harshly.
By watching this film, the audience can feel that they are in the 90s. If you want to know the sad story of these Kashmiri Pandits, then you can watch this movie.
Which books have been written on Kashmiri Pandits?
Many books have been written on Kashmiri Pandits. Their history and the atrocities on them have been mentioned in these books. The book ‘My Frozen Turbulence in Kashmir’ is written by author Jagmohan. After that a book has also been written by ‘Culture and Political History of Kashmir’, which is written by PNK Bamzai. Apart from this, Rahul Pandita Karkar is also a writer, who has written a book depicting the history of Kashmiri Pandit “Our Moon Has Blood Clots”. The interesting thing is that the author of this book is himself a Kashmiri Pandit.
When did the incident of exodus of Kashmiri Pandits start?
Kashmir Pandits started leaving the states from the year 1990 after they were influenced in different parts of Kashmir by the Muslim terrorist organization.
What is the population of Kashmiri Pandits in Jammu and Kashmir?
According to the figures released by the government in 1990, about one lakh 70 thousand Kashmiri Pandits were here. However, an even greater number of Kashmiri Pandits were residing here in the state. Then after the terrorist attacks, the pundits here started leaving the state and then the number of these pundits is now only in the number of thousands.
Which film is made on Kashmiri Pandits?
The Kashmir Files movie is made by Vivek Agnihotri on Kashmiri Pandits.
Whose government was at the center during the Kashmiri Pandit incident?
At that time there was a government of VP Singh at the center and Farooq Abdullah’s government in the state.